- How do I select the most appropriate treatment for my application?
- What materials can be surface treated?
- Can ferrules be treated?
- What are the operating temperatures for SilcoTek treated surfaces?
- How can I receive pricing for custom surface treatment?
- How will SilcoTek surface treatments work in my acidic environment?
- What is SilcoNert2000®?
- What are the unique benefits of SilcoNert2000® deactivation?
- Does anyone else offer an equivalent to SilcoNert2000® deactivation?
- Why is SilcoNert2000® on glass gold in color?
- How thick is the SilcoNert2000® layer?
- What is the maximum temperature limit for SilcoNert2000® deactivated glass?
- Does SilcoTek offer custom SilcoNert® treatment?
- Why do Silco’d® treated pieces have different colors?
- Can you coat my Varian ion trap with a SilcoNert1000® layer?
- Will you re-deactivate my SilcoNert2000® treated glass liners or SilcoNert1000® metal liners after I clean them?
- Are secondary deactivations available for SilcoNert2000® treated materials?
- How tightly can the tubing be bent?
- Can SilcoTek coat valves, regulators, and flow controllers?
- Where do I order coated valves, regulators, and flow controllers?
- Will brazing impact the quality of the coating?
- Do I need to pre-clean my parts prior to sending them to SilcoTek for coating?
- Can SilcoTek coat fritted liners?
How do I select the most appropriate treatment for my application?
The following definitions explain the various treatments currently available and their recommended applications:
- SilcoNert® 1000 (Silcosteel®)
A general-purpose passivation layer for steel and stainless steel.
- SilcoNert® 2000 (Siltek®/Sulfinert®)
The ultimate passivation of treated surfaces, from glass to high nickel alloys of steel. A required treatment for metal components when analyzing for parts-per-billion levels of organo-sulfur compounds & mercury.
- Silcolloy® 1000 (Silcosteel®-CR)
A corrosion resistant layer that increases the lifetime of system components in acidic environments containing hydrochloric acid, nitric acid, or seawater.
- SilcoKlean® 1000 (Silcosteel®-AC)
Dramatically reduces carbon buildup on stainless steel components.
- SilcoGuard® 1000 (Silcosteel®-UHV)
Greatly reduces outgassing from components of ultra-high vacuum systems.
What materials can be surface treated?
Virtually all alloys of stainless steel, ceramic, and most glass materials can be treated. Some other metallic materials, such as nickel, brass, copper, and aluminum, are incompatible with the high (400°C) temperatures used in the process, and should not be treated.
Can ferrules be treated?
SilcoTek does not recommend coating ferrules as we have found this may lead to leaking problems after coating.
What are the operating temperatures for SilcoTek treated surfaces?
Maximum temperatures usually will be dictated by the construction material (glass, stainless steel, etc.), not by the surface treatment. In general, temperatures should not exceed those listed in Table I. Temperatures greater than 450°C for SilcoNert2000® (formerly Sulfinert® or Siltek®) treated surfaces or greater than 600°C for SilcoNert1000® ( formerly Silcosteel®), Silcolloy® (formerly Silcosteel®-CR), or SilcoGuard® (formerly Silcosteel®-UHV) treated surfaces can be used under certain conditions. Heat treatment of parts before applying a Silcolloy, SilcoNert1000, SilcoGuard, coating extends the maximum temperature limit. Please contact technical support at 814-353-1778, for additional information.
|SilcoTek® coatings are stable to the following temperatures in an inert atmosphere:|
How can I receive pricing for custom surface treatment?
To request a quotation for custom surface deactivation of sample pathway components, inlet liners, etc., complete the following form and submit it to us. Please forward a scaled drawing or photograph detailing the product to be treated. Upon receipt of this completed worksheet, SilcoTek’s Technical Staff will contact you with a quotation, typically within 1-2 business days. When you are ready to send items to SilcoTek for treatment, contact technical support at 814-353-1778 to request service number. When submitting parts for treatment, remember that parts must be completely dissembled, and components that cannot withstand the high (400°C) temperatures associated with the process (rubber o-rings, brass, etc.) must be removed. Note that SilcoTek cannot assume liability for warping of stainless regulators due to process heat.
How will SilcoTek surface treatments work in my acidic environment?
SilcoNert® 1000 and SilcoNert® 2000 treated materials have improved corrosion resistance, but Silcolloy® (formerly Silcosteel®-CR) surface treatment is optimized to enhance resistance to hydrochloric and nitric acids. It provides a 10-fold improvement in corrosion resistance, compared to untreated stainless steel, and a 4-fold improvement compared to SilcoNert® 1000 coated stainless steel.
What is SilcoNert® 2000?
SilcoNert2000® (U.S. patent 6,444,326) is a passivation process that applies an inert, integral layer to components used for chromatographic analysis. Unlike traditional deactivations, it is not susceptible to cleavage or formation of active silanols and, therefore, greatly reduces bleed, and breakdown or adsorption of active components, compared to conventional surface coatings.
What are the unique benefits of SilcoNert® 2000 deactivation?
SilcoNert2000® creates a unique surface with an inertness range that surpasses all other known surface deactivations used in gas chromatography. In sensitive analyses, SilcoNert2000® deactivated system components provide outstanding results.
Does anyone else offer an equivalent to SilcoNert® 2000 deactivation?
No. SilcoNert® 2000 deactivation was created exclusively by SilcoTek and is protected by a US patent (Pat. No. 6,444,326).
Why is SilcoNert® 2000 on glass gold in color?
The color of a surface coating is an expression of the light diffraction qualities and thickness of the layer. The thickness of a SilcoNert® 2000 layer determines the degree of darkness, secondary reflectivity, and/or final color of the item. The color can range from light golden-brown (thin coatings) to reflective silver (heavier coatings). We deposit a layer that provides a gold color on liners to aid analysts in inspecting for cleanliness. Chromatographic performance does not depend on the thickness of the layer.
How thick is the SilcoNert® 2000 layer? Depending on the item, the SilcoNert® 2000 layer can be as much as 2,500 Angstroms (250 nanometers) thick. At this thickness, the layer exhibits a reflective silver color on treated glass surfaces or a rainbow on metal surfaces. Chromatographic performance does not depend on the thickness of the layer.
What is the maximum temperature limit for SilcoNert® 2000 deactivated glass?
Maximum temperatures usually will be dictated by the composition of the glass, not by the surface treatment. The SilcoNert® 2000 layer is stable at temperatures up to 450°C, but some glasses can soften at lower temperatures. Injection port temperatures normally are well below the SilcoNert® 2000 maximum temperature limit, so SilcoNert® 2000 treatment is an excellent deactivation for all injection port surfaces.
Does SilcoTek offer custom SilcoNert® treatment?
We are always interested in your specific surface passivation needs. Surface deactivation of glass or metal with a SilcoNert® 2000 layer is available on a custom basis, and liner deactivation has become popular with some customers. Please keep in mind that treated surfaces must be able to withstand temperatures up to 400°C, as well as vacuum and pressure environments. It is important to remove any o-rings, seals, or other materials that will not withstand the treatment environment prior to sending items to SilcoTek for coating.
Our SilcoTek Group can provide a quote. Please submit a quote or contact us at 814-353-1778.
Why do Silco’d® treated pieces have different colors?
The different colors observed on Silco’d® treated parts indicate different layer thicknesses. A blue color corresponds to a 300 to 450 Angstrom layer while a rainbow color indicates a coating of at least 1200 Angstroms (120 nanometers).
Colors associated with layer thickness are:
Depositions used in our Silcolloy® and SilcoGuard® processes are up to 5µm and have a silver/metallic grey appearance. The photos below show colors created by Silcolly® 1000 (left) and Silcolloy® (right) deposition.
Can you coat my Varian ion trap with a SilcoNert® 1000 layer?
Components of Varian ion traps are SilcoNert® 1000 treated, through a service we provide for Varian. End-users should deal directly with Varian for ion trap replacement. Varian receives the parts, and subjects them to a prpprietary cleaning and pre-treatment process, before sending them to us for SilcoNert® 1000 treatment.
Will you re-deactivate my SilcoNert® 2000 treated glass liners or SilcoNert® 1000 metal liners after I clean them?
Request re-deactivation of SilcoNert® 2000 treated glass liners by contacting SilcoTek’s Customer Service department at 814-353-1778. Requesting SilcoNert® 2000 re-deactivation of customer supplied liners. A minimum of ten liners is required.
Metal inlet liners are designed as inexpensive, disposable products and it is not cost effective to re-treat them. We recommend discarding them when they are no longer serviceable.
Are secondary deactivations available for SilcoNert® 2000 treated materials?
There are no secondary deactivations available for SilcoNert® 2000 products at this time.
How tightly can the tubing be bent?
|OD||Min. Bend Radius|
|<= 1/16"||1” (2.5cm)|
Can SilcoTek coat valves, regulators, and flow controllers?
Absolutely! SilcoTek can coat the internal and external metal pathways for most flow regulating and metering devices to enhance their inertness and provide corrosion resistance. In order to coat the surfaces, all valves, regulators, and flow meters should be dissembled and all seals or parts which cannot be exposed to temperatures of approximately 400°C must be removed. Disassembly should only be performed by qualified personnel with the appropriate seal kits, tools, and training OR damage or failure to the device will occur. For these reasons, SilcoTek cannot take on the responsibility of disassembly or reassembly of any valve, regulator, or flow meter. If you do not have the experience and parts necessary to dissemble these devices, we recommend that you get in touch with Swagelok, Parker, or your valve manufacturer and order the coating treatment directly from them. SilcoTek has business relationships with most manufacturers and routinely coats the internal and external surfaces of valves, regulators, and flow meters for them. The manufacturer will send the parts prior to assembling to SilcoTek for coating and will assemble the parts at their factory under the guidance of their quality systems.
Where do I order coated valves, regulators, and flow controllers?
The following companies routinely provide coated parts:
- SilcoTek® Corporation:
112 Benner Circle
Bellefonte, PA 16823
Customer service: email@example.com
- Swagelok – Find your local distributor at www.swagelok.com
- For SilcoNert® 2000 (Siltek/Sulfinert) treated fittings ask your local Swagelok distributor to add the following suffix to your part number:
- Fittings: add –JA
- Valves & sample cylinders: add -12457
- For SilcoNert® 2000 (Siltek/Sulfinert) treated fittings ask your local Swagelok distributor to add the following suffix to your part number:
- Parker – Find your local distributor at www.parker.com
- Ask your Parker distributor for SilcoNert® 2000 (Siltek/Sulfinert) treated fittings and valves
- Valco - www.vici.com
- Ask your Valco distributor for SilcoNert® 2000 (Siltek/Sulfinert) treated fittings and valves
- Emerson/Tescom - www.tescom.com
- Ask your Emerson/Tescom representative for SilcoNert® 2000 (Siltek/Sulfinert) treated regulators.
- Concoa - www.concoa.com
- Ask your Concoa representative for SilcoNert® 2000 (Siltek/Sulfinert) treated regulators.
Will brazing impact the quality of the coating?
Yes, brazed joints will outgas during the coating process and will negatively impact the coating quality. SilcoTek does not recommend coating over brazed joints. Coated brazed joints appear as a matte brown finish and can have increased activity/reactivity at the brazed joint. SilcoTek recommends vacuum brazing or welding of joints for best coating quality. Vacuum brazing is a high temperature, flux-free brazing process that results in a contamination free joint. SilcoTek recommends vacuum brazing services from Solar Atmospheres Inc.
Do I need to pre-clean my parts prior to sending them to SilcoTek for coating?
Your parts are precision cleaned by SilcoTek prior to processing. Additional pre-cleaning by the customer is often unnecessary and at times can be detrimental to our coating process.
In order to provide the highest quality coating and fastest processing; notify SilcoTek of any prior chemical exposure (regardless of weather the part is new or used). Chemicals like cutting oils, pickling acids, solvents, water based cleaning compounds or other hazardous or non hazardous chemicals may impact the coating process. Many times the customer’s cleaning process or chemical exposure can be eliminated, saving the customer time and money. Before sending parts to SilcoTek, contact your SilcoTek representative at silcod@SilcoTek.com or call us at (814) 353-1778
Can SilcoTek coat fritted liners?
SPECIAL NOTE: Coating of glass fritted liners: SilcoTek would prefer that all glass liners be sent without deactivation (e.g. silanization) since the deactivation layer will prevent our intermolecular coatings from bonding to the surface. For most glass liners, our cleaning process will remove all prior deactivants. However, SilcoTek cannot put fritted liners through our cleaning process without damaging the frit.
Fritted liners are special because there is no effective way of cleaning glass frits or stripping the coating in case of failure. As we continue to gain experience with glass frits and tailor our processes, we will get better. Our major hurdle is being able to “test” fritted liners prior to coating to ensure they are clean. We continue to work on this aspect of our operation.